According to the American Community Survey, people are considered to have a disability if they have difficulty with one or more of the following activities:
- Concentrating or remembering (ages 5 and above)
- Walking or climbing stairs (ages 5 and above)
- Dressing or bathing (ages 5 and above)
- Doing errands alone such as buying groceries or going to the doctor (ages 15 and above)
1 in 3 adults with disabilities (18-44 year) have an unmet healthcare need because of cost in the past year.
Over three million children (4.3% of the under-18 population) in the United States had a disability in 2019, up 0.4 percentage points since 2008.
In 2019, children living in poverty were more likely to have a disability (6.5%) than children living above the poverty threshold (3.8%).
Children with disabilities may have additional needs that prevent one or more family member from participating in the workforce. This can create financial strain for families, and in some cases may contribute to a family’s entry into poverty.
Even in high-income countries, assistive products are often rationed or not included within health and welfare schemes, leading to high out-of-pocket payments by users and their families.